Seven Passover (Pesach) Instructions from the Torah

Seven Passover (Pesach) Instructions from the Torah Pic A

By: William Jackson

Many of us concern ourselves with “are we doing the Passover as YHVH commanded?”. Some are new to this walk and others don’t have community. Additionally, there are those that feel compelled to discern between Torah and tradition. Here are seven steps (with sub-points) that are taken directly from HaShem’s word. There are some helpful sites at the bottom of this list. I hope you have a wonderful Pesach, and that this list helps.

1. Whom is required to keep Passover:

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a. Every Israelite must keep Passover (Exodus; 12:14, 42, 47, 13:3,10, Numbers 9:3, 10, 13, Deuteronomy 16:1).

b. A Foreigner/Gentile may keep Passover but, they must be circumcised (Exodus 12:19, 48-49, Numbers 9:14.).

2. Start times for Passover:

a. First Passover Starts Time:

Passover starts on the 14th day of the Hebrew month of Nissan. It begins between sundown and complete darkness (Exodus 12:3-6, Leviticus 23:5, Numbers 9:1-5, 28:16-17, Joshua 5:10)

Nisan is the first month on the Jewish calendar. The Jewish calendar is based on a lunar cycles. Thus, Nissan usually falls between our March and April time frame.(1) . This year Passover starts the evening on March 30th. Also, as a side note, sometimes in Torah Nisan is called Aviv (Exodus 13:4, 23:15, 34:18).  Aviv is the Hebrew name of the month, Nisan is the Assyrian name for the same month, a byproduct of the later exile.    

b. Second Passover Start Time:


Some people can not keep Passover on the scheduled date (unclean or traveling). They are still commanded to observe it, so HaShem designated a second date. “…he will observe it in the second month on the fourteenth day at dusk”(Numbers 9:6–13, 2 Chronicles 30:2-3). This is the Hebrew month of Iyar. It falls between our April – May. This year the second Passover is May 3, 2015.

3. Removing the Leaven (Hametz):

Clear the house of leaven on the first day of Passover. Keep leaven from the house and do not eat it for the next 7 days (Exodus 12:15, 19, 13:3, Deuteronomy 16:3)

Note: The Hebrew word “hametz” is translated as leavened bread. It refers to food prepared from one of five grains (wheat, barley, oats, spelt, and rye), and has been allowed to ferment and rise


4. First Day of Passover:

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a. Have a Holy Convocation. Don’t do any kind of ordinary work, except for food preparation (Exodus 12:16, Leviticus 23:7, Numbers 28:18)

b. Have a meal (Exodus 12:8, Deuteronomy 16:7, 2 Chronicles 35:13). In appendix A, below, is a list of Kosher Companies that deliver Passover foods to customers.

(1) Eat the meal with unleavened bread (Exodus 12:8, Numbers 9:11, Deuteronomy 16:3).

Note: If you cannot buy “matzah” (unleavened bread) in your local stores, Amazon sells it between $10 and $20 per pound (Amazon: Matzah).

(2) Eat the meal with bitter herbs. This is “maror” in Hebrew and the most common choices are fresh grated horseradish, romaine lettuce, and endive (3) (Exodus 12:8, Numbers 9:11).

Note: Endive is a leaf vegetable belonging to the daisy family.

(3) Don’t break any bones in the Passover meal (Exodus 12:46, Numbers 9:12).

(4) None of this meal will be left for the next day, no leftovers (Exodus 12:10, 46, Numbers 9:12).

c. Remember what happened this day and tell others (Exodus 12:14, 26-28, 13:3, Deuteronomy 16:3). Appendix B, below, has options that may be able to assist with educating yourself and others.

5. Eat unleavened bread (matzah) for 7 Days starting on Passover (Exodus 12:15, 23:15, Leviticus 23:6, Numbers 28:17)

6. Bring an offering made by fire to Adonai for seven days (Leviticus 23:8).

7. On the seventh day is a Holy Convocation; do not do any kind of ordinary work (Exodus 12:16, Leviticus 23:8, Numbers 28:25).


“This will be a day for you to remember and celebrate as a festival to Adonai; from generation to generation you are to celebrate it by a perpetual regulation…” (Exodus 12:14).

Annex A, Kosher Delivery Services for Passover

a. Aviglatt Kosher Delivered Anywhere

b. Food Direct, Kenny & Ziggy’s Passover Dinner for Five

c. KOL Foods, 100% Grass Fed, Kosher

d. Grow and Behold, Kosher Pasteurized Meats

e. My Kosher Market

Annex B, Teaching Options to Remember the Exodus


Exodus12:21-51 Moses instructs the elders of Israel in all of the laws of Passover.

Psalms 113–118 These Psalms are used for praising HaShem and give Him thanks during His Holidays.

Short Youtube films:

Passover Pesach – 10 plagues 7 minutes

Moses Passover 10th Plague 10 minutes

Parshat Va’eira: The Ancient Plagues of Egypt 5 minutes

Parshat Bo: Moses and Aaron Come to Pharoah 4 minutes

Parshat Beshalach: Let Them Eat Manna 4 minutes

Shalom Sesame: It’s Passover, Grover! (2010) 8 minutes


(1) The Jewish Month,

(2) By Rabbi Ronald H. Isaacs, Leaven (Hametz),

(3) The Bitter Herbs,