57 Weeks Past the Cross – Strength

Looking Through a New Lens

57 Weeks Past the Cross – Strength
By Terrie C

Today I noticed myself asking God for (physical) strength. The repetitiveness of the request struck me like a bell. I’ve been requesting it daily for six years, and have been thanking the Almighty at the end of each day; because He grants that strength. I stopped mid-sentence, though, when the Scripture that says the joy of Adonai is our strength flittered through my mind. The Word of our God is mega-deep, but it’s also right there in plain sight, isn’t it? His joy is my strength. Simple words, profound “AHA!” moment for me! Even though my gratitude has been genuine at the end of each day, I still found myself bemoaning my condition. Pain can shred a person like cheddar on a grater, can’t it? In has been such a struggle to find peace with my pain, I hadn’t even given joy a thought!


My Faithful Redeemer, YHVH, has been granting my request and gives me the exact amount of footsteps I need to get through my days, but I have been cheating myself out of His joy! I saw this morning that in doing so, my dis-ability remained larger than my level of joy. Had I been requesting joy instead of strength, both would have been mine! I adjusted my request accordingly this morning, and have been seeking His joy instead of strength for me.


One thing I have learned here on this side of the cross is that I, indeed, play an active role in my relationship with God. He isn’t going to wrap me in a magic cloak of joy. It’s on me to receive it. It’s on you to receive yours, too. If life is finding you less than joyful these days, maybe we can both practice some things that will enable us to receive the Joy of The Almighty. In it, there is strength! We can never forget, though, that nothing is granted us if we have not repented from our willful sin. That’s where we begin. Then, we petition God for joy.


Since we are requesting joy, it’s on us to be watching for it and ready to receive it. I’ve decided to repent from saying I am in pain this week. I don’t want to miss my joy because I’m talking louder than it! What you have to repent from saying is probably different, but the idea is the same. I’m thinking that doing things we en(joy) keep us receptive to His Joy, as well. If we en(joy) certain music, let’s play it! If we en(joy) painting, or country-side drives, we must rearrange our schedule to allow it. Life’s too short not to! And life’s too long without joy.


Truly, I hope that this post doesn’t apply to you, and that your joy overflows everyday! But if you nodded your head when I brought up the cheese grater, maybe like me, something has been wearing you down. Maybe like me, you have been seeking the wrong thing in prayer. Maybe we both missed the simple verse that tells us where our strength lives… in the Joy of God. We can know it’s true because it’s Scripture. I’m so thankful that it’s never too late to learn something new!


Have a joyful day! ~Terrie C


The Purpose Behind Jesus



By: William J Jackson

We know from our earliest days that there is nothing or no one stronger than God.  This is because He created everything (Genesis 1:1, Nehemiah 9:6, Isaiah 45:12), both good and bad (Isaiah 45:7, Amos 3:6, Ecclesiastes 7:13-14). This also means nothing can tempt God, but the theology of the New Testament (NT) opposes this principle.  Why did the NT decide to counter our understanding of God’s word by creating a rival that could challenge the Master of the Universe?  We will discuss the reason behind this and the influences that inspired the new Christian theology.

It started in 332 BCE when Alexander the Great took Israel, this was one of his many conquests.  At this point he ushered in Hellenism1.  Hellenism was a Greek mindset that socially bonded his territories.  This Hellenistic attitude encompassed art, science, philosophy and religion.  In this, two great Greek Philosophers, Aristotle and Plato, brought forward a concept referred to as dualism2.  This thinking meant that everything has a negative and positive contrast.  For example, day was good and night was evil, another example is that spirit is good and matter is evil.   Although this might appear like a simple teaching on the surface it contradicts the Tanakh.  An illustration of this would be the afterlife.  The Tanakh teaches that when we die we spend time in a neutral place called Shoal, in comparison it was the Greeks who created the contrast of Hell.  Dualism comes up short on many principles within the Tanakh, especially when applied to God.  Think about it, the Creator of the Universe doesn’t have an equal adversary.  However the Greeks did find a “work around” and this concept is called synthesis3.

Synthesis was the idea of mixing Greek beliefs with the beliefs of Alexander’s subordinate nations.  In short, it meant you could keep your faith but you had to mix it with the Greek religion.  This was a tactical move by Alexander because it removed the threat of people having to leave their religion, which many are willing to die for, and added the beliefs of Greece.  It would generate social unity with Alexander’s territories, bringing people under a single mindset. However, one big stumbling block here was that the Jews believe exclusively in one God, whereas the Greeks had several gods.  The bonding agent between Greek and Hebrew would be mythology.  In Greek mythology their god was Zeus and he had sons which also became gods or demigods. Often these mortal gods had a virgin birth to prove that Zeus created them as his mortal descendants.

Here the Greeks found a solution for both synthesis and dualism in the Hebrew culture.  They could retain the Jewish God but now added to Him the demigod of Jesus.  Also presented here was the reinforcement of dualism.  Sure God couldn’t be opposed, but His son, who is supposed to also be Him (John 14:6, 1 Corinthians 8:6, Revelation 1:8), can be challenged.  When we break it down it really sounds ridiculous, yet it is a concept that finds its way into three of the Christian gospels (Matthew 4:1-11, Mark 1:12-13, Luke 4:1-12).  Here, after his baptism, Jesus of Nazareth spends 40 days tempted by Satan.  The Christian messiah quotes verses from the Tanakh as retorts to each temptation.  It’s kind of a battle of God’s word against an actual evil god. In the end Jesus is victorious, Hebrews 4:15 assures us that Jesus “…has been tempted in every way, just as we are—yet he did not sin” (NIV).  The Greeks, through Jesus, found the unique stone that can fuse Greek mythology with Hebrew religion and that can fabricate an opposite to God.  This stone would serve as the corner stone to the Christian religion, (Acts 4:11).


This Greek inclination towards both synthesis and dualism gave birth to a theology that expand to the corners of the world.  As stated in the beginning this was the purpose behind Hellenism.  Compounding this was Paul, one of Christ’s most popular apostle.  He brought in many new teachings through Hellenism that have help to taint the Christianity lens.  A major example of this is Satan being the god of the world (2 Corinthians 4:4).  Paul along with the Greeks inspired a religion that although might have been very appealing, was in the end inaccurate and misleading.  Let this be a warning to us not to give other books precedence over the Tanakh as we were warned by God (Deuteronomy 4:2, Joshua 1:7, Proverbs 30:6).


(1) By: Isaac Broydé, Kaufmann Kohler, ALEXANDER THE GREAT, Jewish Encyclopedia

(2) By R. J. Zwi Werblowsky, DUALISM, Jewish Virtual Library

(3) By Lawrence H. Schiffman, Hellenism & Judaism Palestine goes Greek, My Jewish Learning

Discrepancies with God’s Word: #3 The Second Coming



By: William Jackson


We have all heard the phrase “Christ’s second coming”.  This is when Jesus will be returning to earth to fulfill the promises foretold in the Tanakh (Old Testament).  The Messiah, as predicted in God’s Word, will come in during the “end days” to usher in a world of peace.  However, the Tanakh never talks of the Messiah coming twice.  We will determine through God’s Word the validity of a Messiah’s second coming and consequently Jesus.

Although the Tanakh is silent about a second coming of the Messiah, over half of the books of the New Testament (16 out of 27) talk about a second coming.  Many of these books even have multiple verses in support of this concept.  It is spoken about at least forty-four times: Acts 1:11,3:19-21, 17:31, 1 Corinthians 1:7, 4:5, 11:26, 15:23-24, Philippians 1:10, 3:20, Colossians 3:4, 1 Thessalonians 1:9-10, 2:19-20, 3:13, 4:15-5, 5:23, 2 Thessalonians 1:6-7, 2:1-2, 2: 8, 1 Timothy 6:1, 2 Timothy 4:1-2, 8, Titus 2:12-14, Hebrews 9:28, 10:25, 37, James 5:7-9, 1 Peter 1:3-5, :13, 2:12, 4:13, 5:4, 2 Peter 1:16, 3:3, 8-10, 1 John 2:28, 3:2-3, Jude 1:14-15, 21, Revelation 1:4, 7-8, 3:11, 16:15, 22:12-13,20-21.  Yet, the Christian gospels never speak of it.  The book of Acts is the first writing in the Christian bible that tells of Jesus’ second coming.  To put it into perspective, it’s like how movies prepare us for a sequel.  You see, the book of Acts segues us from the gospels into the big cliffhanger.  In Acts 1:11 two alleged angels say to the apostles “Men of Galilee, why do you stand gazing up into heaven? This same Jesus, who was taken up from you into heaven, will so come in like manner as you saw Him go into heaven.” Now we have our excuse why Jesus did not meet the Messianic prophecies, he will do it on his return trip. If this was a movie we could call it “Jesus Part Two, The Return of Christ”.

The foundational Christian defense for two comings of Christ is because they say he is portrayed as having dual natures1 in the Tanakh. You see, the first Jesus is a suffering servant. In His second coming, Jesus will be the conquering King.  The conquering kings is easy to defend, it’s prophesized throughout the Tanakh, Joel 2:1-10, Psalm 72:11, 110.  This imagery is later bolstered in the New Testament (Matthew 25:31-34, Revelation 19:11-21).  But, what about the suffering servant, his first coming, Jesus as we know him.  This was taken from Isaiah 53 which on the surface does paint a vivid picture of how Christianity perceives Christ. Yet, when we do a deep study, it is undoubtedly Israel as a nation2.

Without the “suffering servant” leg to stand on all we have is the Messiah who is a conquering King.  Christians plead that we will see this side of their messiah when he returns.  Conversely, the Tanakh says that when the Messiah arrives, initially, we will witness this conquering King.  Ask yourself have you seen these prophecies performed by Jesus?

  1. Reestablishment of the Temple: Isaiah 2:2, Jeremiah 33:18, Micah 4:1, Malachi 3:1, Zechariah 8:3. Jesus of Nazareth did not do this, he actually talked about the opposite, its destruction; Matthew 24:1-25:46, Mark 13, Luke 21:5-36.


  1. Establishment of a government in Israel that will be the center of all world government, both for Jews and gentiles (Isaiah 2:2-4; 11:10; 42:1). Conversely, Jesus states he did not come to bring peace but a sword and division (Matthew 10:34, Luke 12:49-53).


  1. The Messiah will restore the religious court system of Israel and establish Jewish law as the law of the land (Jeremiah 33:15). Jesus broke the commandments (Matthew 12:1-8) and added to them (Matthew 5:21-42).


  1. He will bring about the political and spiritual redemption of the Jewish people by bringing us back to Israel and restoring Jerusalem (Isaiah 11:11-12; Jeremiah 23:8; 30:3; Hosea 3:4-5). These things obviously have not happened yet.  The Temple was destroyed shortly after Jesus’ time in 70 AD, also there has been a polarization of religions ever since his arrival.


The answer is not only “no” but in many cases he countered these events. However, many people focus on the prophecies to confirm Christ’s pedigree.  We need to understand that that is only half of the story.  If he was the Messiah, he would have accomplished the above tasks. Since he did not, the Christian writers engineered the second coming as a solution. Without prophetic accomplishments one should reevaluate his resume (365 messianic prophecies).

Conclusion: Imagine a politician who gets voted into office because he promise to balance the budget, decrease taxes and increase jobs.  After his term, he does none of this.  When he runs for a second term, the people confront him by asking “why did you not fulfill these promises?” The politician’s response is “I was going to do these things during my second term”. Would you believe him; then why do we believe in the second coming? The Christian messiah did not fulfill the future prophesies of the Tanakh, so the second coming is really Christianity’s need for a “do-over”.

Previous Articles:

Christian Discrepancies with God’s Word: #1 The Blood

Christian Discrepancies with God’s Word: #2 Human Sacrifice


  1. Motyer, Alec. “The Suffering Servant and Conquering King by Alec Motyer.” Ligonier Ministries. Accessed May 21, 2016. http://www.ligonier.org/learn/articles/suffering-servant-and-conquering-king/.


  1. Roth, Marshall. “Isaiah 53: The Suffering Servant.” Aishcom. Accessed May 21, 2016. http://www.aish.com/sp/ph/Isaiah_53_The_Suffering_Servant.html.

Christian Discrepancies With God’s Word: #1 The Blood


By: William Jackson


Since Noah’s Ark rested on Mount Ararat, God has forbidden all of us to consume blood, Genesis 9:4.  It is so important that He reiterates it over a millennium latter to those of the Exodus Deuteronomy 12:16, 23, 15:23, and Leviticus 7:26. Even in Leviticus 17:10 it goes to the extreme of God stating “… (anyone who) eats any kind of blood, I will set myself against that person who eats blood and cut him off from his people” Pretty serious stuff, huh.

Yet, in contradiction the Christian messiah commands “…unless you eat the flesh of the Son of Man and drink His blood, you have no life in yourselves.” (John 6:53).  This is further confirmed in Matthew 26:26-28, John 6:55, 1 Corinthians 11:25.

Eucharist challice

This Christian ritual is called the Eucharist and goes under a litany of names such as the Holy Communion, Sacrament or Blessed Sacrament, Mass, the Lord’s Supper, breaking bread and more.  The various labels used to explain the same thing depends on their Christian sect. Amazingly, in this practice, many Christian churches, such as the Roman Catholic, Orthodox churches (Russian, Greek, Syrian etc.), and Anglicans hold that the bread and wine becomes the actual body and blood of the Cristian messiah.  Conversely many other Christian groups interprets the wine being their messiah’s blood as purely symbolic.  Regardless, “is it advisable to do anything symbolically or ritualistically appose to the Torah?” NO!


Some of the explanation for this hypocrisy is the homogenizing of Judaism with other pagan religions, a concept known as Hellenistic Judaism.  This was a strategy used by the Greeks when conquering new territories.  Basically, the idea was to mix the Greek culture (art, philosophy, education, religion…etc.) into the culture of the newly conquered nations.  This eventually led to making them likeminded with the Greeks1. For Israel this started about 323 BCE when Alexander the Great was welcomed into Jerusalem2.


But for this to be true the communion had to exist before Christianity and it did. History records that well before the Christian messiah’s last super many other pagan religions celebrated a Eucharist type ritual such as the3

Osiris, Egypt 25th century BCE

Adonis: Greek before 6th century BCE

Attis, Greek late 4th century BCE

Also we see in the first four centuries common era, as the new Christian religion was coming into focus, the Romans followed Mithraism. Both religions appear to parallel each other.  As with Christianity, a communion involving the consumption of blood was practice:


“The adherents of Mithras believed that by eating the bull’s flesh and drinking its blood they would be born again…”4

Some have even accused the Christian apostle Paul of combining Christianity with the religion of Mithra.  Although this is an assumption, we do know that later the Emperor Constantine did fuse both these religions together 5.

To sum it up, God doesn’t change His mind when it comes to His commandments (Numbers 23:19, Isaiah 46:10-11, Malachi 3:6) and He didn’t change His mind when it came to consuming blood.  This is known by all those who exclusively follow Torah. But, for NT followers, “if” the Christian Book of Acts is factual than it serves as solid evidence that the consumption of blood is forbidden by Jews and Gentiles alike (Acts 15:20, 29, 21:25).



(1) Micheal W. Palmer, Israel in the Hellenistic Age, History & Literature of the Bible, the Hellenistic Age, October 19, 2002

(2) Isaac Broydé, Kaufmann Kohler, Israel Lévi, ALEXANDER THE GREAT, Jewish Encyclopedia

(3) Christians share a sacred meal with their God—Pagans did it first, Pagan Origins of the Christ Myth

(4) Alfred Reynolds, Jesus versus Christianity, 1993

(5) Vexen Crabtree, Mithraism and Early Christianity, January 20, 2002

Christian Discrepancies with God’s Word: #2 Human Sacrifice

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Center for Tanakh Based Studies

William Jackson

You cannot have somebody else atone for your sins.  After the Israelites made a golden calf to worship, Moses rebuked them by having the calf destroyed.  Moses then went to God and offered himself for the sins of Israel.  God said “Those who have sinned against me are the ones I will blot out of my book (of life)…” and he did.  Moses wasn’t able to atone for another’s sin (Exodus 32:31-35). You see, God holds us individually responsible without allowing anyone to pay for our sins. This concept of personal accountability is echoed throughout the Tanakh (Deuteronomy 6:1-25, Isaiah 3:10-11, Ezekiel 33:10). God and His prophets are insistent in saying that the others cannot pay for your sins (Deuteronomy 24:16, 2 Kings 14:6, Jeremiah 31:29-30).   Ezekiel spends all of chapter 18 reinforcing this teaching.  God also states that He is our only salvation (Exodus 15:2, Isaiah 12:2, 26:3-4, Psalm 27:1, 118:14) and not even Moses or a messiah can intercede in God’s role.

Yet we have the Christian messiah saying he paid for our sins like a ransom (Matthew 20:28, 1 Timothy 2:6, 1 Peter 2:24, 3:18).  1 John 2:2, 4:10 punches this home by stating that the Christian messiah atoned for our sins, which flies in the face of God’s original word, the Torah.

The closest thing that implies a human sacrifice was when God commanded Abraham to sacrifice his son Isaac (Genesis 22).  However, at the beginning of this chapter it starts out by saying “…God tested Abraham…”.  So this was a test of faith.  We have conformation of this in verse 5 where Abraham says to the two boys that accompanied him and Isaac ““Stay here with the donkey. I and the boy will go there, worship and return to you.” Abraham confirms that after the worship (where he is supposed to sacrifice his son) he and Isaac will return together.  Abraham had complete faith in God that it would somehow work out.  The other take away from this is that, in the end, God did not support a human sacrifice.

Another point to ponder is Gehenna.  This is the modern day Valley of the Son of Hinnom, which is just to the west of Jerusalem.  This land is cursed because some of the kings of Judah sacrificed their children by fire (Jeremiah 7:31, 19:2-6, 32:35).  This did not meet with God’s approval, no child sacrifice ever could and especially not His own.

To sum it up, God doesn’t change His mind when it comes to His commandments (Numbers 23:19, Isaiah 46:10-11, Malachi 3:6) and the Torah insists that we will not EVER use a human sacrifice (Genesis 22:10-12, Deuteronomy 18:10, Leviticus 18:21).

Past Article Christian Discrepancies With God’s Word: #1 The Blood

56 Weeks Past the Cross – Springtime

Looking Through a New Lens56 Weeks Past the Cross – Springtime
By Terrie C

It’s corny and it’s cliche’…things I try not to be, but there’s just something about springtime that moves me to the core! Signs of newness and of renewal are exploding in every direction I look. Colors so vivid, my eyes sing. Fragrance so sweet, it’s dizzying. Birds singing so much, one can almost make out the lyrics. It’s no coincidence, I’d think, that the Feasts we honor in obedience coincide with all this newness! I love the yearly cycle of deliverance and of accepting our God’s Torah. So much can change in a year, can’t it?

Sometimes, life’s concerns can start to weigh on us. Sometimes, we can find ourselves on “autopilot” which defines itself; self-piloting. Without discipline and persistence, we can find ourselves reading our Torah Portions with our physical eyes, instead of with the eyes of our soul. Then comes the Pass-Over! A time when we’re reminded that God delivers us from our deepest pits. We’d do well to remember that He did it to show His might, and not because He “so loved the world”.  After a long year of changing seasons, I need the reminder that this is all about Him and none about me. I’m a character in history, which is His-Story. That’s humbling for me, how about you?

Observing the Week of Unleavened Bread further helps me rid myself of myself. “Eat the Bread of Affliction” Scriptures say. Do this and do that. Remember why you are doing it. Remember every year. I see so many posts with tasty recipes for Matzah. Doesn’t seem to me that the “Bread of Affliction” should be tasty, though. Mayhaps that falls into the “personal opinion” category, so I’ll just move right along…

We count omer on our way to Shavu’ot. This process reminds me how much a roll I play in my own covenant with my Creator. Christianity beat it in my head that there’s nothing I can do to “earn” my citizenship in the world to come. When using Scripture only, the Tanakh, it’s clear that doing nothing would be a fatal error. “DO” is woven through every passage!

When Shavu’ot arrives, we are given the opportunity to be reminded of the foundations of God’s Way and to accept it again. To reaffirm that we believe Torah is the outline of His Way, His Truth and The Life. Redemption and renewal, this is the God we serve. This is how He rolls. It is so much His character that even the seasons reflect it. Everything around us reflects it!

Oh, how I love spring and the Spring Feasts we honor! Are our calendars right? Probably not. Have we figured out everything we need to so that we can understand God? I hope not! If I had a god I could figure out, what would I need Him for? I can understand His theme, and that’s enough. Redemption and renewal. For balance and effectiveness, this includes every season; from the budding of delicate blossoms to the falling leaves to the dead of summer and winter, which seem so aptly named!

I hope spring and the Spring Feasts have been a time of deliverance and renewal for you. How fantastic it is wonderful to know that one day, we will gather for them!  I’ll “see” you again soon, until then may peace from YHVH fall on you like spring rain.

~Terrie C

Myth Busters; Replacement Theology

replacement theology

Center for Tanakh Based Studies

By: William Jackson

Replacement theology “is the teaching that the Christian church has replaced national Israel regarding the plan, purpose, and promises of God”1 In theological circles it is sometimes called supersessionism or fulfillment theology.  In short, it asserts that the Jews were bumped out as the chosen people and replaced by the Christians.  For Christianity, this is a critical component, especially if one believes in the rapture or tribulation.  As we view it, much of Revelations hinges on Daniel 9:24-27 which is where the seven-year tribulation was taken.  The problems for Christians is that Daniel is talking about the Jews in the final days not the Gentiles.  Thus begs the question, is replacement theology something that is supported by God’s word, or is it a method of perpetuating the Christian religion? We will dig into both the Tanakh and Christian writings to determine an answer.

We do know that initially God selected Israel as His chosen people; Exodus 19:5, Deuteronomy 7:6-8, 14:2.  However, if one reads the New Testament, it infers that Jews were replaced by Christians as God’s Holy people.  We see this with Paul when he says

For Christ himself has brought peace to us. He united Jews and Gentiles into one people when, in his own body on the cross, he broke down the wall of hostility that separated us.  He did this by ending the system of law with its commandments and regulations. He made peace between Jews and Gentiles by creating in himself one new people from the two groups.  – Ephesians 2:14-15

The “one new people” would be any Jew or Gentile that believed in the Christian messiah, or more simply said, “this one new people would be the Christians.”

As well; Colossians 3:12, 1 Thessalonians 1:4, 2:13, and Revelation 17:14 are other New Testament verses that claim the church and believers in the Christian messiah are the new chosen ones2.


So, what makes a people the chosen ones(?) – a covenant.  As we know, God did make a covenant with Israel first, through Abraham 3 (Genesis 12:1-3,7; 13:14-17; 15:1-21; 17:1-21 and 22:15-18) at Mount Sinai 4 (Exodus 19–24).  However, one must note that under this covenant, there are certain blessings (Leviticus 26:1-13, Deuteronomy 28;1-14), and curses (Leviticus 26:14-39 and Deuteronomy 28:15-68).  As the prophets would tell us, Israel would receive both blessings and curses for her obedience and disobedience, respectfully.  As for Israel’s disobedience, we see punishments beginning with the Babylonian captivity in 605 BCE.


Yes, the consequences for disobedience are punishments; but this does not suggest that the covenant is broken.  God states, at the end of the curses, that He will remember the covenant He made with Israel (Leviticus 26:42, Ezekiel 16:60, Psalm 106:45).  Still many bring up Jeremiah 3:8, where God divorced Israel, but if we read the balance of chapter 3 we see God pining for Israel to repent and return to Him.

Another point to ponder is that our God does not change his mind (Numbers 23:19, 1 Samuel 15:29, Isaiah 44:6), and He knows the future (Jeremiah 29:11, Isaiah 46:10, Psalm 33:11).  So, the idea that our God, who sees into the future and doesn’t change, would pick a new people is ludicrous.  Even when we look at the book of Zechariah we see a future plan which includes the Jewish people.  This book talks about the Messiah to come and Israel’s prospects in the future5.  In Zechariah 8:23 it speaks about an upcoming time where, “In those days ten people from all languages and nations will take firm hold of one Jew by the hem of his robe and say, ‘Let us go with you, because we have heard that God is with you.’”  If the Jews have been eliminated as God’s people, how could this statement of future tense happenings hold up?  Remember that Zechariah was written after the Babylonian captivity. Let’s not stop here, we need to look towards Malachi as to the conclusion of the Jews.  Remembering that Malachi was the last prophet to say anything.  He sums it up nicely by saying “I the Lord do not change. So you, the descendants of Jacob, are not destroyed” (Malachi 3:6). God then speaks to Israel over the next five verses explaining how Israel can recover from its’ curse.  Do we not think if God was going to break His covenant with His chosen people and pick a new people, that we would have heard about it through His prophets?


The Tanakh teaches the restoration of the nation Israel5 – Deuteronomy 30:1-6, Jeremiah 30-31, 33, Ezekiel 36–37, Amos 9:11-15, Zephaniah 3:14-20, Zechariah 12–14.  Nevertheless, let us return to Paul, who at the beginning of this article talked about the Christians becoming the “new” chosen people in Ephesians 2:15; “He (Jesus) did this by ending the system of law with its commandments and regulations…”.  So, Paul says that the method of making the Gentiles His chosen people is to remove the covenant. Funny, because the Tanakh tells us in Isaiah 56:6-8; Ezekiel 43:18-27 and Zechariah 14:16, that God’s Kingdom will be reinstituted as it was before. Likewise, for those that believe in the New Testament, it appears that Paul was in contention with his fellow Christian writers who believed that the law would remain and that the Temple would be restored (Matthew 5:17-18, Luke 16:17, Acts 3:20-21, Revelation 11:19). Replacement theology appears to be a method of forcing the New Testament to work with the Tanakh.  Stealing a play from the Christian handbook in 2 Corinthians 6:14, they warn believer to not be unevenly yoked.  The New Testament does this type of manipulation to the Tanakh, because they need to carve the puzzle pieces to fit them together; because they won’t snap into place on their own.  Replacement theology is just a way to force things together that do not fit.


  1. Slick, Matt. “What Is Replacement Theology?” CARM. Accessed April 30, 2016. https://carm.org/questions-replacement-theology.


  1. Sizer, Stephen. “2 – Israel and the Church: Who Are God’s Chosen People.” Zion’s Christian Soldiers? 2007. Accessed April 30, 2016. Page 22, http://www.christianzionism.org/BibleSays/Sizer03.pdf.


  1. “Jewish Roots.” The Abrahamic Covenant. Accessed April 30, 2016. http://chosenpeople.com/main/jewish-roots/267-the-abrahamic-covenant.


  1. Barrick, William D. “The Mosaic Covenant.” Academia.edu. Fall 1999. Accessed April 30, 2016. (Page 220) http://www.academia.edu/1370222/The_Mosaic_Covenant.


  1. Vlach, Michael. “12 Reasons Why Supersessionism / Replacement Theology Is Not a Biblical Doctrine.” – Theological Studies. 2012. Accessed April 30, 2016. http://theologicalstudies.org/resource-library/supersessionism/327-12-reasons-why-supersessionism-replacement-theology-is-not-a-biblical-doctrine.