The Hanukkah Shuffle


Center for Tanakh Based Studies

By Danielle Jackson

This Hanukkah game gives us both an educational and creative way to exchange gifts for this Holiday.

Firstly, the game requires that everyone brings one gift.  The gift should not be gender specific.  We established a gift price of $10.00 max.  Also, don’t put your name on the gift.

Rules for Playing:

To begin, everyone takes a “random” gift from the table (take any gift except your own). The reader just keeps his/her random gift (until the end).  The reader will read the attached Hanukkah Story.

1 – Every time the word “Hanukkah” is read, you must lift your hands and say, “Hanukkah!!”

2 – Every time the word “Maccabees” is read, you must shout out, “Yeah” and then pass your gift, three times to the right.

3 – Every time the word, “Antiochus” is read, you have to say, “Boooo” and do the thumbs down, and then pass your gift, two times to the left.

4 – At the end of the story, everyone needs to be sure that they don’t have their own gift that they brought, if they do, they get to exchange their gift with the person that is seated 4 seats from their right.

4 – Now… everyone will draw a word (the words will be in a container for you to draw from). You will either draw the word, “Hanukkah” or you will draw the word “Antiochus” and ONE person will draw the word “Maccabee’s.”

A – If you drew the word “Hanukkah” you can exchange your gift with anyone else’s gift in the room ~ or ~ you can simply keep the gift that you have!!

B – If you drew the word “Antiochus” (Boooo), we still love you though! But; you just keep the gift that you have.

C – If you drew the word “Maccabee’s” you exchange your gift with the reader.

D – Now open your gifts – “Happy Hanukkah !!”



A Kid-Friendly Version of the Hanukkah Story


Long ago, before even our grandparents’ grandparents’ grandparents were alive, the land of Israel was ruled by a wicked king named Antiochus (Boooo) Epiphanes.

King Antiochus (Boooo) counted many Jews among his subjects, and, just like so many of us today, our Jewish ancestors lived their lives according to Jewish custom and tradition. Like us, they celebrated Shabbat and marked the festivals of Passover, Sukkot, and Shavuot. Unlike us, though, our Jewish ancestors worshiped at the ancient Temple in the city of Jerusalem. This Temple was the holiest of holy places, the center of Jewish life.

But King Antiochus (Boooo) did not want to rule over a nation of many religions and many cultures; he wanted to rule one nation with one religion and one culture. He wanted all the people of his land to live the way he lived and to pray the way he prayed, according to Greek customs – and this meant that he did not want the Jewish people to dress differently or worship differently or eat differently.

 Under King Antiochus (Boooo), the practice of Judaism was completely abolished. He forbid the Jews from celebrating Shabbat, and he forbid the Jews from observing the festivals. He also forbid the Jews from reading or studying Torah. But perhaps worst of all, King Antiochus (Boooo) forbid Jewish worship in the Temple, and he turned the holy Temple into a place that became very unholy, making a real mess by setting up idols and altars to Greek gods inside.

Many Jews were afraid for their lives, so they felt forced to follow the king’s orders. But one group of brave souls decided that they would not submit to the king; they would not worship foreign gods or give up their Jewish way of life. This group was called the Maccabees (Yeah), and they were determined to take back their Temple and defend their religious freedom.

  The Maccabees (Yeah) were led at first by a man named Mattathias, and then, later, by his son Judah. Compared with the King’s army, they were small in number, but they were mighty in spirit. With faith and relentless determination as their guides, the Maccabees (Yeah) won a stunning victory over the King’s army. They fought hard and, against all odds, they won.

 The Maccabees (Yeah) successfully took back the Temple from King Antiochus (Boooo), but they were heartbroken to discover that the King had not taken care of their holy space. They got to work cleaning and purifying it, and they removed all the foreign idols and altars the king had set up inside. They lovingly cleansed every inch of the Temple, and then, on the 25th day of the month of Kislev, the Maccabees (Yeah) held a glorious rededication ceremony. The word “Hanukkah(Hanukkah!!) means “dedication,” and it comes from the moment when the Temple was triumphantly returned to the Jewish people.

 The most famous story about that rededication comes from our Talmud, where we read that, when the Maccabees (Yeah) walked into the Temple, they found only enough oil to light the menorah (lamp) for one day – but miraculously, that small amount of oil lasted for eight days, which is exactly how long it took to get new oil.

 Today, our celebration of Hanukkah (Hanukkah!!) lasts eight days, in honor of the miracles that occurred so many years ago. We light eight candles on the hanukkiah (one candle the first night, two the second night, and so on) and we eat latkes (potato pancakes) and other foods fried in oil. We spin the dreidel, whose letters remind us “Nes Gadol Haya Sham,” “A great miracle happened there.” We give and receive chocolate gelt (coins) and often exchange gifts, too.

 With every Hanukkah (Hanukkah!!) candle we light, we illumine the most important messages of all: that we must always work to find light in the darkness, and we must always work to keep the light of religious freedom burning for all people, for all time.

Print and cut these tickets out.  Fold them in half hiding so that the name isn’t showing and place them in a container you can’t see through. 
































Eight important steps to lighting your Hanukkiyah


Center for Tanakh Based Studies

By William Jackson


Introduction: Since Hanukkah (or Chanukah) is not a requirement in scripture all of it’s customs are rabbinical traditions to include lighting the Hanukkiyah. These eight steps were assembled using only Jewish sources (see references).


  1. What are the requirements for a Hanukkiyah?
  • A Hanukkiyah is like a *Menorah but instead of seven branches it has 9 light holders.
  • First there are eight light holders in a row for each day of Hanukkah. These should not be in a zigzag, circle or semicircle. Being in a straight row allows people to see what day of Hanukkah we are in.  Historically, Hanukkiyah candles being in a straight row prevented them from being confused with earlier pagan symbols.
  • There is a ninth light holder that is set apart from the other eight, usually above the others. This ninth light holder is for the “shamash” which means servant.

Note: Electric menorahs are good for decoration, but you need the old-fashioned one to fulfill the mitzvah.

  1. When do we light the Hanukkiyah?
  • Light the candles after night fall.
  • The one exception is Sabbath. On Friday night light the candles before the Shabbat candles.
  • Gather everyone around when lighting the Hanukkiyah.


  1. How should you add the candles to the Hanukkiyah? Add the candles from right to left as you are facing it. The amount of candles that you add will equal what day of Hanukkah your on.


  1. Give the Blessing before lighting the candles:


“Blessed are You, Lord our God, King of the universe, who has sanctified us with His commandments, and commanded us to kindle the Chanukah light.

Blessed are You, Lord our God, King of the universe, who performed miracles for our forefathers in those days, at this time.”

On the first night of Hanukkah add this verse: ”Blessed are You, Lord our God, King of the universe, who has granted us life, sustained us, and enabled us to reach this occasion.”

  1. How to light the Hanukkiyah?


  • Light the shamash and use the shamash to light the other candles.
  • Only use the shamash, do not use other candles to light each other.
  • The candles are lit from left to right.
  • The shamash stays lit and is returned to its place. This is done for these two reasons.

In case a candle blows out you will use the shamash to re-light it.

Back in the day, if a candle was required as a source of light, the shamash could be used.  Hanukkah candles should not be used as a practical source of light.

  1. Where do we display the lit Hanukkiyah?
  • Display it in an open place for others to see, i.e. a front window.
  • Don’t use it for any other purpose when lit such as:

A light for reading

A candelabra for the dinner table

  1. How long should the Hanukkiyah stay lit? It should stay lit for 30 minutes. While it is lit, people usually talk about Hanukkah and participate in Hanukkah events (enjoying games such as dreidel and eating holiday foods).



Note: On Sabbath (Friday night) it stays lit for an hour and a half, at least 30 minutes beyond nightfall.  Be aware some Hanukkah candles will only burn for 30 minutes.


  1. So why eight days: In 1 Maccabees 4:56 it states after the Maccabees secured the temple “…they celebrated the re-dedication of the altar for eight days and joyfully made entirely burned offerings. They offered a sacrifice of deliverance and praise”.   This may have been done for eight days to reflect the original dedication ceremony done by Solomon which was eight days (2 Chronicles 7:9).



This quote by Judaism 101 is the traditional story we often hear “According to tradition as recorded in the Talmud, at the time of the re-dedication, there was very little oil left that had not been defiled by the Greeks. Oil was needed for the menorah (candelabrum) in the Temple, which was supposed to burn throughout the night every night. There was only enough oil to burn for one day, yet miraculously, it burned for eight days, the time needed to prepare a fresh supply of oil for the menorah. An eight day festival was declared to commemorate this miracle. Note that the holiday commemorates the miracle of the oil, not the military victory: Jews do not glorify war.” (Chanukkah, The Story, Judaism 101)


*What’s the difference between a Hanukkiyah and a Menorah?  A real Menorah (Exodus 37:17-24) has 7 branches for lights whereas a Hanukkiyah has 9 light holders.




Rabbi Mordechai Becher, The Laws of Chanukah, Ohr Somayach International


Rabbi Eliyahu Kitov, Chanukah (Hanukkah) How to light,


Dr. Ron Wolfson, Hanukkah Candle Lighting Ceremony,,


Rabbi Shraga Simmons, ABC’s of Chanukah (Hanukkah),